You will have to become a practitioner of what the modern establishment calls alternative medicine -- but at one time in previous centuries what is called alternative today was "normal" for many cultures.
This form of treatment and prevention predates any chemical or synthetic formulas by millennia and until Western explorers and traders entered the Far East and the Americas, it was the most successful form of medicine known to humanity.
Your survival essential library (packed in seal tight bags) should include a Red Cross First Aid Guide, a basic survival book such as the US Army Survival Handbook and a basic edible plant identification guide with illustrations and any material available on the plants such as Wild Edible Plants of Western North America by Donald R. Kirk and natural medicines in the area where you expect to evacuate to for safety and survival.
The most critical issues you will find yourself confront will be pain, injury from cuts, bruises and exterior surfaces and illness from germs or virus.
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If you have crafted a Faraday box (for protection from an EMP or solar flare event that knocks out the power grid) and have your Kindle or smartphone secured inside with batteries and a re-charger, a secondary list can be stored with each of these as well.
1.) Heart Ailments: apples - It is likely that someone in the survival group has a heart-related ailment. Realistically, prescriptions will run out. But implementing healthy, heart supporting foods will give that person a chance to continue and even improve their health. An apple a day keeps the doctor away, and more so when there is no doctor to be found. Apples seem to be a universal fruit and have multiple food and health uses.
2.)Overall health and spirit: Olive oil - The Bible constantly refers to the olive's significance in daily life. Oil for cooking, for sacred anointing (David was anointed with oil as King); Jesus often taught and rested on the Mount of Olives. The oil has a type of positive fat content that has made the Mediterranean diet a lifesaver. Planning to plant olives and being able to press oil can lead to many health benefits from this positive fat. Spiritual health can connect with Biblical teaching and anointing to reaffirm faith in times of tribulation as well (while olive oil itself doesn't affirm faith, Biblical teachings can affirm our faith if we believe and follow).
3.) Overall health (physical and mental): Red wine - Research has shown that moderate amounts of wine are beneficial to overall health. Fermenting foods and beverages is relatively easy and is an effective way of storing perishable fruits and vegetables. Red wine is scientifically proven for having valuable nutrients that promote good health, especially in dire and stressful circumstances. In many regions berries of all kinds and flavors grow wild, wild grapes abound in some areas. Wise use of wine is an excellent way to build up the body physically as well as provide a reasonable boost to enjoying life.
4.) Hydration and vitamins: Herbal teas - More than likely coffee and tea will be had to come by in a survival situation, mostly by trade or barter. Teas from herbs such as chamomile, sassafrass and other medicinal herbs provide multiple benefits as well as the psychological benefits of warmth and familiar comfort. Dandelion tea has multiple benefits. This yellow-flowered weed seems to grow everywhere and lawn keepers work to battle it every spring. But in an emergency evacuation or refuge homestead it will be a partner in long term health. Dandelion greens are excellent and tasty salad greens as well. Many herbs and berries have uses as teas and hot or cold drinks. Most have a good taste as well and will be healthy substitutes for the former soft drinks and beverages of the time before the emergency.
5.) Intestinal problems and many other uses: Garlic - Garlic is legendary in its benefits for health. It can be used raw, chopped in salads and as a seasoning to add a genuine character to stews and soups. Garlic is a member of the onion and leek family with many health benefits. Who said survival cooking had to be bland?
6.) Poultices and wraps for Cuts, bruises and skin ailments and general pain: Willow bark - Not only wild herbs and plants but trees are nature's medicine chest for survival. The willow, which grows just about everywhere, has multiple uses. Cuts, wounds, rashes and other surface injuries are painful and can lead to serious infection if left untreated. A poultice made from crushed willow bark or leaves is an excellent compound to heal and fight infection. Prescription antibiotics will be rare if available at all; natural medicines such as the willow have a record of success far beyond today's pharmaceutical. They are also sustainable, available and ready to use for the trained and knowledgeable survivor.
7.) Coughs, colds and respiratory: American Ginseng - Although its reputation and benefits are usually connected with Chinese traditional medicine, Ginseng is a native American root. Its benefits are too many to list here but with proper precautions such as possible allergic reactions and sensitivity to certain conditions, as in all medicines, it is an essential part of your survival pharmacopoeia.
8.) Nervousness, stomach ailments: Catnip - It's not just for cats. Catnip is another one of those natural medicines that has been bypassed by "Big Pharma" and will become a necessity when "Big Pharma" has gone. The plant's calming qualities for cats also translates into benefits for sleeplessness, stomach ailments and other nervousness issues that lead to even more difficult complications (ulcers and sleep loss weakening of immunity etc.) Commercial uses have stressed its use for cats, but its uses for people are many. Speaking of Catnip ...
Reader's Digest - 1801 Home Remedies: Doctor-Approved Treatments for Everyday Health Problems Including Coconut Oil to Relieve Sore Gums, Catnip to Sooth Anxiety, ... C to Prevent Ulcers (Save Time, Save Money)
9.) Liver health and antioxidant gold mine: Milk thistle - Internal organs often suffer the most from stress and poor diet. Unfortunately, by then the damage is at its worst it's multiplied and spread to other areas. Preventative maintenance in a survival situation is essential. Milk thistle grows wild and should be harvested and taken to fend off any issues that can build up and effect the liver and other unseen organs so as to keep healthy and stay alive.
10.) Colds, respiratory ailments wounds and more: Yarrow - Although not native to North America, this European plant is found here. Its use dates back over 3,000 years for multi-purposes and has historic successes to its credit. It is amazing to compare how "Big Pharma" today markets synthetic chemical formulas which address very specific symptoms and usually have drastic side effects which often outweigh their benefits. Natural plants such as Yarrow and the other resources such as we have listed here usually have multiple benefits and when properly prepared and applied have multiple health benefits and are also free and sustainable.
We have looked to modern medicine and the pharmaceutical industry for our health needs for decades. Yet only in recent years have alternative medicine and a return to natural remedies returned on a large scale. This is all for the good since a Post-Apocalyptic world will see virtual end to accessible medical care from doctors and hospitals and a lack of chemical-based synthetic medicines. In general many of these deal with symptoms and have numerous and often drastic side effects.
Much of today's pharmaceutical industry is a marketing business and deals with the effects and not prevention of disease. A knowledge of how to find, prepare and use the most natural and ancient form of curative and preventative plants and herbs will go far to help survivors in a world of future unknowns.
Having that kind of knowledge, skill set, and supplies on hand can make you a very valuable and appreciated asset to a community of survivors. It is a skill set and resource you can use to barter with as well; if your community is ever overrun by a violent criminal gang, and there's just not enough personnel to defend yourselves, that skill could possibly be bartered with as well to keep you and your family, and possibly neighbors, alive and safe.
Hopefully we never see that day. But in the current age we live, and all the upheaval and mass killings in the world, it may only take one nuclear strike on a major city, or an EMP or other catastrophic event to set off a whole chain of catastrophic events in the modern day that brings our current age to an end and catapults the world's survivors into the post apocalyptic landscape of tomorrow.
Survival calls for being prepared. Getting our lives right with God isn't a bad idea either -- while there's still time.