Technically both are experts at combat -- having trained for many years; the Spartan since childhood, as history records; you can guess that the ninja's training began early on in life also.
These men have the ability to pick up just about anything and use it as a weapon in combat.
Your primitive weapon (whether it's a club, a knife, a dagger, a sword, machete, spear -- or even an axe, a weapon carried by Vikings) can be made 100 times more effective by your ability to move on your feet; in boxing and martial arts this is called footwork.
Your footwork will enhance your weapon's reach as well as your ability to avoid being struck by an opponent.
Sparring will teach you how to read an opponent, as well as condition you to move or deflect your opponent's strikes. Sparring will also increase your eye-hand coordination -- the more you train and spar and keep your eye on fast movements the slower your opponent's moves will seem to you in actual combat.
Each of the following weapons from this Top 15 list can be used against both dangerous wildlife and dangerous people. Sometimes you'll need more than one person alongside.
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The danger of bringing rocks to a fight is that you can also give your opponent the idea to use rocks -- if your opponent surrounds your base camp and attacks from the darkness, you can become sitting ducks -- unable to see them (due to the darkness) but they're able to see you (due to any lights, torches, or lanterns blazing around camp). They can then rain down rocks on your camp, taking out several people.
You can build a wall around the perimeter of your camp with wall-tops that slant inward (providing cover) so that your defenders can duck down behind the wall at the threat of rocks or other projectiles -- like arrows.
One effective tactic used by armies like the Mongols in earlier history were to first shoot a massive volley of arrows into the air that would then come down on the enemy's infantry; this volley would continue until a number of infantry had been taken out -- then their main ground force would move forward and attack. Often times the odds tipped in their favor.
If you hole up in a fort (a camp with walls) or simply face off in the streets with an armed gang, watch out for projectiles like rocks and arrows and even bottles.
Native Americans are known for clubs also, many with different names and styles. For a few ideas on design refer to books on Native American weapon making. The right size stick, right size rock, and leather ties are enough to create a dangerous war club.
Spears have also been used to hunt large game, dangerous predators like African lions and Asian tigers, and even elephants. These are extreme situations though -- these are situations that reveal a need for multiple people armed with spears. In other words one person with a spear trying to take down an elephant could be a quick way to get killed. But ten men with ten spears working together could take that elephant down without injury to life or limb. That is going to call for courage and strength though and people who are quick on their feet. Once you strike a dangerous animal you have to be able to quickly move out of the way if it lunges for you, even though it's been wounded.
If you're hunting smaller game like boar and wild pigs in the tropics, just one spear should do the trick. A spear for boar or wild pigs doesn't have to be as big a spear as you'd use on a lion, grizzly bear, elephant, or moose. Not unless you're boar hunting in a region known for giant hogs -- and there are a few regions in the world. At 600 pounds, these things can kill. Going after a hog this size with just spears may call for several people working as a team.
There are different options for spears. Some spears can be outfitted with sharp rocks and even spear heads made from steel. When neither sharp rocks or steel spear heads are on hand simply sharpening the wooden tip of a spear base and then fire-hardening it can be enough to turn a harmless piece of wood into a dangerous weapon.
Tip: Your tool shed may have rakes and shovels (old ones) that you can break the metal parts off and simply use the handles as spears, if you ever needed a spear in a time of collapse.
Slings have been used for hunting small game as well as in combat. The most famous combat depiction of a sling's potential for taking life is the Bible's story of David and Goliath (1 Samuel 17:32-50); David, the shepherd, rises to the challenge of the Philistine's prized warrior, Goliath, tallest and biggest man on the battlefield. David arms his sling with a rock, whirls it overhead, and let's the rock fly -- it hits dead on target, colliding with Goliath's skull, and he falls to the ground dead.
Let's consider that David was a shepherd for a moment. Many shepherds throughout history were trained to use a sling to help protect livestock, namely sheep -- they were protecting from predators such as wolves and lions. If all shepherds had was a sling that seems to say that hurling a few well aimed rocks at a lion or lions could send the entire pack running. As a weapon of battle, the sling is given high marks -- it's a devastating weapon in the hands of someone skilled with a sling. See: The Sling in Medieval Europe
Reports on blowguns reveal that strong respiratory muscles result in a stronger puff of air, which means greater speed and distance, and ultimately accuracy. How do you build up respiratory strength? Days and weeks of regular practiced blowgun use.
Like any primitive weapon (or modern day weapon), regular training and practice can help build a person's skill, strength, and eye-hand coordination -- all work together to maximize a primitive weapon's effectiveness in combat. But when it comes to blowgun use, after all the research is in the blowgun doesn't appear to be an effective weapon in combat -- but it can be effective for hunting.
Blowguns have been used to hunt small game (Cherokee Indians in North America used river cane to hunt rabbits and other small animals); they can also be used with tranquilizer darts to capture wildlife or stun caged dangerous animals for short periods of time.
Blowgun darts are small, light weight arrows with a feathered end (fletch), which aids in the dart staying on course once shot.
Tomahawks once were simply a club with a sharp rock or antler as the "axe" end, but after colonialists were rooted in America and trading with Native Americans tomahawks then took on iron edges, creating weapons that look a lot like hatchets. Tomahawks are typically lighter than a wood-cutting hatchet and make a very dangerous weapon, especially when thrown. As a secondary weapon it can be the first weapon brought into battle and before your adversary closes the distance (between you and him) the tomahawk can be thrown -- it if hits the head, torso, or even just a limb this fight can be over before it's even started. Keep in mind -- it takes a lot of skill to throw a tomahawk -- which calls for a lot of practice. Don't count on a tomahawk saving you in a life or death fight unless you've got throwing strength, aim and timing down.
If you're going to use an axe consider one with a spike at the top, similar to a bayonet's use on a World War I soldier's rifle. This way your axe can also be used for thrusting (stabbing motion) like a spear and not just slashing (like a sword), which leaves you momentarily wide open for a counter strike, should you miss.
Think of it like a police spike strip for popping the tires of a vehicle that is trying to out run them. In this case though you're using spikes to disable and injure dangerous wildlife or even calvary (troops on horses).
If your camp is able to build a remote fort somewhere, a large number of caltrops should be considered as a weapon of self-defense to help protect your fort from predators that are hunting humans. In a time of collapse I would suggest making hundreds of these, if the resources are available, and then surrounding your fort for several yards in all directions in the same way a prison would surround one of it's walls with several long loops of razor wire, such as between an inner and outer fence. Wolves will end up pierced -- grizzlies and lions will end up with pierced feet and possibly bellies -- depends on how long you're able to make those spikes. Other predators may find the area of spikes impassable as well.
Or you might choose to house your camp high in the trees, placing spikes on the forest floor down below.
A few centuries in earlier history the Philippines were colonized by the Spaniards who immediately banned any Filipinos from possessing weapons. The Spaniards believed this would be the only way to keep them in line. So what did the Filipinos do? They turned to farm tools -- tools used for a variety of tasks became weapons; they began to train with these weapons, relying on the martial art known as "Eskrima" to be their method of fighting. This art includes using tools for both self defense and to attack. Ordinary farm tools became dangerous weapons -- dangerous when combined with hand to hand fighting techniques and techniques for disarming an opponent, as taught in Eskrima. What's notable about Eskrima is that it calls for two weapons, one in each hand; one weapon for self-defense and the other for offensive attacks. Three weapons were born from Filipino tools that became popular around the world: the bolo, the balisword, and buntot pagi.Article Continues in Part 2: Using a Primitive Weapon in Combat
What's it take to actually use a primitive weapon in combat? There's a science to fighting, called close quarters combat. Most fights with a primitive weapon should be over within just seconds. Here's a few tips to coming out alive and unscathed.