Let's think about this for a second... in case of social unrest, most of the rebels will be young, male and from the lower classes. They hate anyone wearing a tie and are going to attack them first to get their supplies, guns, money and, of course, their vehicles.
This all goes back to the concept of being a grey man and blending in but, at the same time, you don't want to appear weak. You definitely don't want a car that looks vulnerable because it's gonna make you look the same. So, if it looks like it belongs to an old-school tough guy who likes his guns more than money, local thugs might think twice before messing with you.
That's why an older 4x4 is the ideal choice for a bug out vehicle. If you estimate you're gonna drive off road to get to safety, something like an older model Ford F250, GMC, or Chevy truck is a good choice but if you're a city dweller, you might consider a smaller SUV or even a 4-wheel drive sedan.
And if you can afford to invest money into a heavily armored tactical vehicle, which some have done in recent years, someone else might want that vehicle and may be willing to do anything to take it from you. For that reason, I don't think it's a wise move -- not unless you live far from a populated area and have immediate access to remote wilderness or desert mountains, and even then that vehicle may still be a poor choice due to it's weight and poor fuel economy.
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Of course, if you live in a small town where many people are preppers (and friends!), you might be more interested in overcoming various natural obstacles instead of worrying about your town's infrastructure and ways out.
Also, you need to consider the color of your car but don't shy away from buying it just because it's yellow, orange or red. You can re-paint it afterwards into something common such as silver or dark blue to blend in better.
Another option is to get a trailer. Not only can you load it with many more supplies but it's easy to ditch if need be. Of course, it has its own set of challenges, such as the fact that it'll be cumbersome to drive through a riot or on rough terrain. Plus, if you lose or discard it, you'll also lose a good portion of your preps. To avoid obstacles as well as to protect your car from minor frontal collisions, you may also want a front mounted winch. This will make it easier for you to drive right through a fence (you can yank the fence down with your winch, if need be, or you can just cut it down, depends on the type of fence we're talking about).
Having a winch on your vehicle will help with the "tough guy look" I talked about earlier.
Speaking of which, you may also think about installing an exterior spotlight because that might give you that "law enforcement look" which may help you in some situations (such as being able to move ahead in traffic jams by pulling on to a shoulder and going around stopped traffic). However, this is a double edged sword. It may work during a mass bug out but if there's a riot and you wake up with a few dozen rioters around you, they probably won't let you drive away that easily.
Toyota Tacoma - In recent years, stock Toyota Tacomas have been built with higher clearance, making these trucks a good choice for rocky, uneven roads or rough terrain. Another advantage a Toyota Tacoma has -- like a Jeep, they have a narrow vehicle width, making it possible to drive narrow roads and trails that larger trucks can have problems with.
If going with either a Jeep or a Toyota Tacoma, stay away from the latest models as you don't want anything that says "Yuppie". Don't buy new -- by used, going back as many years as you possibly can; what you want is a vehicle that is mechanically sound and has four wheel drive; a few dents and some old hunting and fishing stickers give the truck some character -- so if you have a few dents don't be in a hurry to get them fixed!
Plus, you may find other places to refill such as truck stops, industrial sites and construction sites -- many of these places also have fuel storage tanks on hand. You may have to look around.
Also, diesel engines consume less fuel than gas, particularly when the cars are fully loaded with supplies. Since you'll keep many emergency supplies inside your car at all times as you drive around every day, this will save you money in the long run. And let's not forget diesel engines are more durable, which would make a huge difference in a post-collapse society where finding a new one could be expensive or even impossible.
So, though a Jeep or a Tacoma have an advantage when it comes to crossing rough terrain or narrow roads, unless you find a Jeep or Tacoma that's been customized, neither of these vehicles are known for using diesel. In the end, way the pros with the cons when choosing your bug out vehicle -- older Jeep or full size truck? Diesel or gasoline? Tacoma or Subaru? Etc.
If this isn't an option, you can always wear a chemical protective mask for a biological or nuclear emergency or (if the air is safe, just full of dust, smoke, etc.) even a pair of goggles and a wet bandana tied around your mouth.
That bandana isn't going to help much as far as tear gas goes. Keep in mind tear gas will cause an immediate burning sensation. Your eyes will tear and your nose will run, making it almost impossible for you to drive. A chemical protective mask (gas mask) will be a much better and safer choice than the wet bandanna and goggles in this case.
Which car should you get? Well, any Ford F-250 that was made in 1970 or before should fit the bill. An old Chevy will also fit the bill. Ultimately, the best thing you can do is write a list of all the models you'd be interested in getting and then figure out which of them don't rely on electronics, especially when it comes to the engine. If you can find a vehicle that doesn't rely on spark plugs, that's even better, although some people prefer to keep a few of them extra wrapped up in a Faraday cage.
Just remember there are many debates over the effects of a major EMP because no one knows exactly what it'll be like. No one can guarantee Faraday cages will work, for instance. As for the myth that the car itself can act as a Faraday cage, let me just say this: as long as you can use your phone inside, it won't work. I won't go into much detail about this, the point is you need an older car with as few electronics as possible.
Bugging out on various routes in various conditions (an abundance of snow, ice storms, traffic jams etc.),
Having to drive through a tear gassed area or trying to escape an area that has been struck by a chemical or biological attack or radioactive fallout from a distant nuke,
Sleeping in your car (because you won't need to make shelter in this case)
...and getting past obstacles such as fallen trees, ditches etc.
In essence, you want to have a bug out bag inside your car that's filled with the basics. Some people see this as their second BOB while others prefer to only keep the bare minimum in the trunk and just throw the rest in the trunk when the time comes.
Food and water
A DIY first aid kit (because the ones car manufactures include aren't that good and, besides, if your car is second hand, it probably expired)
Clothes (durable, appropriate for climate and conditions, can be layered)
An umbrella -- or to attract less attention, a waterproof poncho that can be worn over both you and your backpack if you have to make a trek on foot away from your vehicle.
A bandana (a multi-purpose item that could help you filter and melt snow, for instance)
A hand-crank or a battery-powered flashlight and a headlamp
A hand-crank or a battery-powered AM/FM radio (you probably don't want to use your car's radio all the time or you may have to abandon your vehicle at some point)
An extra phone charger (preferably solar)
Guns, ammo for self defense and or hunting
Sunscreen (if you have to abandon your vehicle -- even in snow covered mountains the sun can still burn you badly if you're out in it for an hour or more)
...and many more (just look at the bug out bag essentials list for more inspiration).
Next, consider these items that will help you deal with car issues, such as:
A winch (pull your vehicle and other vehicles out of bad situations; tear down fences; tear open doors to get into buildings; hoist food into trees to keep away from wildlife; lots of uses for a good winch)
A spare tire
Detachable antennae (so that you can pick up distant radio signals when out in remote country)
Maps of the region and a GPS
A fire extinguisher
An ice scraper
Windshield washer fluid (if you drive through an area of dust, debris, mud or even an insect swarm you'll appreciate having a full reservoir of windshield washer fluid)
A foldable shovel like this US Military Issue Trenching Shovel to dig your wheels out of places where you have lost traction.
A roadside safety tool kit
A seatbelt cutter
A window breaker
A tire pressure gauge
Triangle reflectors (if you think that they could come in handy as a signaling device at some point)
An axe (to remove fallen trees or branches that have come down on the road or possibly your vehicle during a storm)
A shovel (already mentioned but it's worth mentioning it again -- a lot of vehicles have been abandoned because they got stuck somewhere on a beat up or muddy or snowy road; a shovel can dig you out and also carry gravel and dry dirt from nearby that can be placed in front of your tires, allowing you to gain traction again and drive away; it's a good idea to always have a shovel if you may ever one day end up driving off road.)
A pick / pickaxe (can be used in conjunction with the shovel to dig your car out; A shovel may be useless if you run into large rocks, where as a pick / pickaxe can help dig around and under these large rocks, making excavation faster and easier.)
You may be wondering why you need some of these items. Well, there's no telling what the roads ahead may look like. If you're fleeing from a hurricane, for instance, you might come across downed trees. That's when a gas-powered chainsaw (and some extra gas in a small gas can) will come in handy. If you're forced to take a secondary road, you might reach a gate which will require some labor (and an axe) to get around.
Last but not least -- dump your stock jack for changing tires and spend a few dollars more on a high lift jack. It's easier to use than most stock jacks and you can count on it to work for you if you are ever off road and on rough terrain.
Some gated roads will lead to dead ends and do not go very far. So be sure that you either have an updated map of these forest service roads or that you have previously explored these gated roads in the past (on foot or by mountain bike or even dirt bike). Many of these forest service roads lead hundreds of miles into the wilderness and offer a way to get away from more heavily traveled evacuation routes.
An important point to consider: the majority of the population in your region probably doesn't realize that numerous alternative routes via county roads and or gravel roads and or forest service roads (which are typically found outside of large cities in the countryside) even exist.
Being able to evacuate can be a life-saving survival tool. Realize that if you live in a major city, and there is a catastrophic event like a nuclear weapon detonated anywhere within a hundred miles, your entire region may be racing to escape on the only roads they know -- the interstate freeways and highways.
If you get caught in that mess, don't expect to get very far.
Do you live in a region known for bridges? Consider that an inflatable canoe or kayak (if you have to abandon your vehicle) can get you across a body of water while hundreds of thousands of other people are caught in a traffic hell storm that is not going anywhere.
Second, you should always keep your car in top shape. Perform the inspections on time and make sure you always have enough fuel to take you to your bug out location. Rotate the food, water and medicine inside the trunk and keep in mind that because of the higher temperatures found inside, the food you store there won't last as long as the expiration date. Consider never letting your fuel tank drop below a half-tank; when you get to a half-tank, always fill up again. That way, if all hell breaks loose one day at the least you'll be able to start your bug out with a half-tank of fuel.
One last thing: I know we've given you quite an extensive list of things to pack but this doesn't mean you should keep everything in the trunk, especially if you use that vehicle every day to run errands and go to work. Only keep the "get home" essentials and leave the rest either in your trailer, your attic or anywhere else you have room so you can load them at a moment's notice.